Is the world spinning around ………..not any more
Vertigo is a sensation of motion or spinning that is often described as dizziness. Vertigo is not the same as light-headedness. People with vertigo feel as though they are actually spinning or moving, or that the world is spinning around them.
Primus Vertigo and Deafness Clinic is a very specialized and complete clinic for diagnosis and treatment of VERTIGO and DEAFNESS related problems . It is the only one of its kind in India and is equipped with all types of contemporary diagnostic and therapeutic gadgetry and technical manpower required for managing hearing and balance disorders. A state-of-the-art set up for complete vertigo assessment including all types of subjective and objective tests possible in adults and children is an integral part of the clinic.
There are two types of vertigo:
• Peripheral vertigo: The problem is due to the part of the inner ear that controls balance. These areas are called the vestibular labyrinth or semicircular canals. The problem may also involve the vestibular nerve, which connects the inner ear to the brainstem.
• Central vertigo: This type is due to a problem in the brain, usually in the brainstem or the back part of the brain (cerebellum).
Symptoms of Vertigo
The main symptom is a sensation that you or the room is moving or spinning. The spinning sensation may cause nausea and vomiting. Other symptoms can include:
• Difficulty focusing the eyes
• Hearing loss in one ear
• Loss of balance (may cause falls)
• Ringing in the ears
In vertigo disorders, there isn’t a one-size-fits-all treatment. Proper diagnosis of the cause of vertigo is very crucial. Problems with balance and dizziness can be very serious and need immediate medical attention to keep patients safe and maintain their quality of life. The Primus ENT and Cochlear implant Center has the area’s most advanced inner ear testing facility for balance and dizziness disorders. If the inner ear is the cause of balance and dizziness problems, our specialists will be able to expose the problem provide treatment options for your vertigo problems.
What are common causes of vertigo?
There are a large number of causes of vertigo, but the three most common causes are:
What do these conditions do to cause this problem?
These are all conditions that affect the inner ear. The inner ear is responsible for our sense of balance and also our sense of position in space. When the inner ear dysfunctions, we lose our sense of balance and frequently suffer symptoms such as vertigo, nausea, vomiting, and loss of balance.
How can this be treated?
Most causes of vertigo are readily treatable with physical therapy, medication, surgery, and time. By time, it means, waiting because many causes of vertigo resolve spontaneously.
Who should I see for vertigo treatment?
There are two types of physicians whose specialties include dizziness:
Is there a certain age this is usually brought on, or is it extremely variable?
It is extremely rare, but not impossible, for young children to have vertigo. It becomes more common in the early 20s and affects all ages commonly after that. Its consequences however become more substantial as you get older because loss of balance in the elderly commonly leads to major fractures.
Can a child get vertigo from playing a video game that simulates movement?
3 dimensional video games can cause a brief sensation of vertigo, but it would not persist.
Can stress cause vertigo?
Mental stress can make many forms of vertigo worse, but will not, by itself, produce vertigo.
What is positional vertigo?
Positional vertigo refers to a variety of conditions where a change in the position of your head produces a sense of vertigo. The most common form is a condition called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo or BPPV for short. In BPPV when one lies down with the affected ear toward the floor, one gets a brief but very intense feeling of the world spinning around.
Can the symptoms of vertigo be confused with the symptoms of other diseases or conditions?
Yes, this is a common occurrence. Usually they are mistaken because of use of the word dizziness. Dizziness can refer to lightheadedness, which is not vertigo and is commonly produced by vascular problems. Dizziness also can mean vertigo, and there are very few causes of vertigo that do not come from the inner ear. Occasionally, rare types of strokes can cause vertigo, but these are usually associated with other neurological symptoms as well.
Are there any surgical procedures to correct vertigo?
There are surgical procedures to correct certain types of vertigo. If the vertigo is caused by a disease such as Menieres disease, where the function of the involved ear changes over time and these changes do not respond to medical therapy, then surgical intervention may eliminate the vertigo.
How does physical therapy help vertigo?
In forms of vertigo, where the inner ear has suffered damage and the function of that ear is fixed, not changing over time, physical therapy can be quite helpful. When the inner ear is damaged, people commonly experience severe spinning for several days. If after several weeks the person still has a loss of balance, then physical therapy can help restore this balance. The reason physical therapy is helpful is that it helps train the brain to compensate for the loss of function in the ear. Just as you can make a muscle stronger by exercising it, you can make the balance system in the brain work better by exercising it.
What kind of physical therapy works to reduce vertigo?
It is called vestibular rehabilitation, and it is a relatively new form of physical therapy. Not all physical therapists are trained in the practice. Typically the exercises consist of movements that initially make the vertigo worse and balance tasks that are quite difficult. By doing these repetitively, the balance system in the brain learns to function better. Common exercises include moving the eyes from side to side, rotating the head from side to side, rotating the head from side to side while walking down a corridor, and things like this.